Tax Refund

If you are self-employed, a freelancer, contractor, or work a side gig, you may be used to receiving Form 1099-MISC that reports your self-employed income at tax time. Beginning with tax year 2020, the IRS will require your self-employment income of $600 or more to be reported on Form 1099-NEC (non-employee compensation) instead of Form 1099-MISC, so look out for that form in the mail beginning January 31.

Let’s take a look at who will receive this form, what exactly non-employee compensation is, what this all means if you are self-employed, and when you can expect to receive this form. 

Who Will Receive Form 1099-NEC (Non-employee compensation)? 

If you are self-employed, a freelancer, contractor, or work a side gig and made $600 or more, you will now receive Form 1099-NEC instead of Form 1099-MISC. Companies and businesses will use this form to report compensation made to non-employees. 

What is Non-Employee Compensation? 

The IRS explains that if the following four conditions below are met, then the payments must be reported as non-employee compensation: 

  1. The payment was made to someone who is not an employee
  2. The payment was for services in the course of trade or business (including government agencies and nonprofit organizations)
  3. The payment was made to an individual, partnership, estate, or maybe a corporation
  4. The payments to a person totaled $600 or more during the year 

 Also, a business may need to file a Form 1099-NEC if they withheld federal income tax under backup withholding rules even if the amount if less than $600.

What are some types of payments that would be reported on 1099-NEC? 

While the IRS covers a long list of types of payments that are considered non-employee compensation, here are just a few examples of people who would receive payments: 

  • Self-employed, freelancers, contractors, and side gig workers
  • Attorneys, lawyers, accountants, architects, contractors, and  who got paid for a professional service 
  • Fees paid by one professional to another (for example, if they were splitting a fee or paying a referral fee) 
  • Commission payments to non-employee salespeople not repaid during the year  

What does this mean if you are self-employed?

If you are self-employed and a business paid you $600 or more for non-employee compensation, you can expect to receive this form. 

But the Form 1099-NEC should not be used to report personal payments made to self-employed individuals. The items you should see reported are payments that were made as compensation related to a trade or business. 

The payments made that are not reportable on the 1099-NEC will likely be recorded on Form 1099-MISC. The Form 1099-MISC is still around, but it’s just used for reporting miscellaneous income like rent, prizes, and awards. 

Note that the amounts reported in Box 1 of Form 1099-NEC are generally reported as self-employment income and thus would be subject to self-employment tax. 

What form will I receive if I worked a side-gig? 

This year, you may have gotten creative with the ways you earned income. 

Many have taken to side-gigs such as driving for a ride-share company or selling goods via Etsy to earn extra money. If this isn’t your first year on one of those platforms, you may be accustomed to getting your earnings reported on a Form 1099-MISC or 1099-K. 

But now, depending on how you received payments, you may receive both a Form 1099-NEC and a Form 1099-K from these side gig platforms. 

Generally, for ride sharing apps, the money for your driving services will be reported on a Form 1099-NEC. Before 2022, if you were paid by a third-party payment processor or payment app and you had at least 200 transactions and $20,000 or more in sales, you would receive Form 1099-K. Bonuses or referral fees can also be reported on Form 1099-K. 

As it relates to the goods you sold on Etsy, if you sold $600 or more, then you should receive a Form 1099-NEC with that amount. But if you happened to do more than $20,000 worth of sales and had at least 200 transactions, then you may also receive a 1099-K. 

Beginning with tax year 2022, if someone receives payment for goods and services through a third-party payment network, their income will be reported on Form 1099-K if the amount processed exceeds $600 as opposed to the current Form 1099-K reporting requirement of 200 transactions and $20,000. However, the IRS announced a delay to serve as a transition year for the reduced reporting threshold of $600. For calendar year 2022, third-party settlement organizations who issue Forms 1099-K are only required to report transactions where gross payments exceed $20,000, and there are more than 200 transactions. 

For tax year 2023 (the taxes you will likely file in 2024), you should receive a 1099-K if you received more than $600 from a third-party payment processor or payment app – regardless of how many transactions. 

When will the 1099-NEC arrive? 

These 1099-NEC forms should arrive by January 31st each year. 

Don’t worry about knowing these tax rules. TurboTax Self-Employed will ask you simple questions about you and your business and give you the tax deductions and credits you are eligible for based on your entries. TurboTax Self-Employed searches for industry-specific tax deductions and uncovers business deductions you may not even know about.

You can also meet with a TurboTax Full Service expert who can prepare, sign and file your taxes, so you can be 100% confident your taxes are done right. Start TurboTax Live Full Service today, in English or Spanish, and get your taxes done and off your mind.

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Katharina Reekmans
Katharina Reekmans

Katharina Reekmans is an Enrolled Agent and a contributor to the TurboTax Blog team. Katharina has years of experience in tax preparation and representation before the IRS. Her passions surround financial literary and tax law interpretation. She has a strong commitment to using all resources and knowledge to best serve the interest of clients. Katharina has worked as a senior tax accountant, operations manager, and controller. Katharina prides herself on unraveling tax laws so that the average person can understand them. More from Katharina Reekmans

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